Cytology: The clinical and also scientific study of cells. Cytology refers to a branch of pathology, the clinical specialized that manages making medical diagnoses of diseases and also conditions with the assessment of cells examples from the body.
Cytologic exams may be carried out on body liquids (instances are blood, pee, and cerebrospinal liquid) or on product that is aspirated (drawn out using suction right into a syringe) from the body. Cytology also can include evaluations of prep work that are scratched or cleaned (irrigated with a sterilized solution) from certain locations of the body. As an example, a typical instance of diagnostic cytology is the analysis of cervical smears (described as the Papanicolaou test or Pap smear).
In order for cytologic assessment to be carried out, the material to be analyzed is spread out onto glass slides and tarnished. A pathologist after that makes use of a microscopic lense to examine the specific cells in the example.